The Nobel Assembly at Karolinska Institutet has today decided to award
the 2015 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
with one half jointly to
William C. Campbell and Satoshi Omura
for their discoveries concerning a novel therapy against infections caused by roundworm parasites
and the other half to
for her discoveries concerning a novel therapy against Malaria.
Here are the details:
* The Nobel judges in Stockholm awarded the prestigious prize to Irish-born William Campbell, Satoshi Omura and of Japan and Tu Youyou, the first ever Chinese medicine laureate.
* Campbell and Omura were cited for discovering a drug that has helped lower the incidence of river blindness and lymphatic filariasis, two diseases caused by parasitic worms.
* Tu discovered a drug that has helped significantly reduce the mortality rates of malaria patients.
* Campbell is a research fellow emeritus at Drew University in Madison, New Jersey. Omura, 80, is a professor emeritus at Kitasato University in Japan and is from the central prefecture of Yamanashi. Tu is chief professor at the China Academy of Traditional Chinese Medicine.
* The winners will share the 8 million Swedish kronor (about $960,000) prize money with one half going to Campbell and Omura, and the other to Tu. Each winner will also get a diploma and a gold medal at the annual award ceremony on Dec. 10, the anniversary of the death of prize founder Alfred Nobel.* Last year's medicine award went to three scientists who discovered the brain's inner navigation system.