Here is an article on Vitamins Deficiency and Diseases shared by our follower Krishna Kumar. We thank him on behalf of all our readers for sharing this article.
Friends.. Vitamin deficiency and disease associated with each are common in almost and competitive Exams. It's part of the Civil Services Exam too. Ya it’s true. Let's see one question asked in Civil Services Preliminary Examination 2014 related to topic we are discussing.
Qn. Consider the following pairs: Vitamin Deficiency: Disease
1. Vitamin C: Scurvy
2. Vitamin D: Rickets
3. Vitamin E: Night blindness
Which of the pairs given above is/are correctly matched?
(A) 1 and 2 only
(B) 3 only
(C) 1, 2 and 3
To answer this questions..one doesn't require the IQ level of Einstein. Vice versa is also true. Even a person having IQ level of Einstein can't answer this unless he had studied the topic. Hence this post. Sorry we have not yet picked the correct answer. Correct Answer was option (A). Vitamin A is associated with Night blindness and not Vitamin E.
Now study each carefully and memorize them.
What is a vitamin? - The organic compounds other than carbohydrates, proteins and fats that are necessary to maintain normal health, growth and nutrition are called vitamins. The vitamins are complex organic molecules, however, for the sake of simplicity, they are represented by letters such as A, B, C, D, E, K etc.
1. VITAMIN A: (RETINOL)
Important diseases due to its deficiency: Night Blindness, Xerosis Conjunctiva, Xerosis Cornea, Bitot’s Spots, Keratomalacia, Follicullar Hyperkeratosis (skin becomes rough and dry).
Tip: Major diseases associated with eye.
2. VITAMIN D
Important diseases due to its deficiency: Rickets, Osteomalacia
3. VITAMIN E
Important diseases due to its deficiency: Reproduction failure, liver necrosis etc
4. Vitamin K
Important diseases due to its deficiency: Leads to haemorrhagic conditions.
5. VITAMIN C (ASCORBIC ACID)
Important diseases due to its deficiency: Scurvy, Bleeding gums and loose teeth.
6. VITAMIN B1 (THIAMINE)
Important diseases due to its deficiency: Beriberi.
7. VITAMIN B3 (NIACIN)
Important diseases due to its deficiency: Pellagra (disease has the symptoms of diarrhoea, dermatitis and depression.)
8. VITAMIN B12
Important diseases due to its deficiency: Perinicious Anemia.
If you have more list..just comment below. We will add them.