Know about INS Vikrant, INS Arihant & INS Sindhurakshak
INS Vikrant, INS Arihant & INS Sindhurakshak all 03 were in news in the last few days. When INS Vikrant and INS Arihant made India proud, it was a great shock INS Sindhurakshak bring with it to the country on the eve of 67th Independence Day. In the upcoming competitive Exams this is certainly gone to be a sure question and hence chances of 03 getting confused are more. In this post we are detailing the news importance of INS Vikrant, INS Arihant & INS Sindhurakshak so that you won't get confused it any more!!!
1) It is India's first ever indigenous aircraft carrier, and signifies a degree of self-reliance in this field and was launched on 12 August 2013.
2) What does launch means?- It means that the structure, fabricated in a dry dock, has been floated out into the sea and anchored next to the yard.
2) It is the largest ever warship built in India. It was constructed at Kochi in Kerala.
3) The launch made the country the fifth that is capable of constructing aircraft carriers this size, the others being the US, Russia, France and the UK.
4) When will the ship be inducted? - As per current plans, the ship should be ready to steam under its own power and go for the first round of trials by 2016-end. The ship is expected to be fit for formal induction in the Navy by the end of 2018.
5) What are the ship's capabilities? - The 37,500-tonne carrier has been designed to attain speeds in excess of 28 knots, and to carry 36 aircraft, 17 in the hangars and 19 on deck. It is designed to sail for over 8,000 nautical miles in a service period over three decades. Its main weapon will be its fighter aircraft.
6) What fighters will it carry? - A mix of MiG 29 Ks and later Light Combat Aircraft (Naval), besides KA 31 early warning and anti-submarine choppers and Advanced Light Helicopters for utility missions. It will be protected against air attacks by the long-range surface-to-air missile system being developed with Israel and will have AK 630 close-in-weapon systems.
7) How does it compare with other ships?- It is larger than India's sole serving carrier, the INS Virat that weights 28,000 tonnes and can carry less than 30 aircraft. The Vikrant will be the fourth carrier to be operated by India when it joins in 2018.
1) INS Arihant, India's first nuclear-powered ballistic missile submarine, which went "critical" (means operative) on 10 August 2013.
2) With this India joins a club of nations like the United States, Russia, China, the United Kingdom and France that possess nuclear-powered submarines.
3) It was launched on July 26, 2009 and has taken four years for its nuclear reactor to achieve criticality.
4) Its design is based on the Russian Akula-1 class submarines, of which the best-known example is the INS Chakra.
5) The Arihant's 83Mw pressurised water reactor has also been built with considerable assistance from the Russians, who are said to have helped scientists at the Bhabha Atomic Research Centre in miniaturising the reactor to fit into the 10m diameter hull of the nuclear submarine.
6) It was built in a completely enclosed dry dock at the shipbuilding centre in Vishakapatnam.
1) A major fire broke out on board INS Sindhurakshak at the Naval Dockyard in Mumbai on 14 August 2013.
2) At the time of its sinking, there were reportedly 18 crew members on board and all are feared dead.
3) INS Sindhurakshak is the ninth of the ten Sindhughosh-class diesel-electric submarines of the Indian Navy.
4) The submarine suffered two fire incidents, a minor one in 2010 and a major one on 14 August 2013, which led to in its sinking at Mumbai's naval dockyards.
5) Sindhurakshak was constructed in Admiralty Shipyard, St. Petersburg. Construction of the submarine started in 1995.
6) It was launched in June 1997 and delivered to India in December 1997.
7) It was also made by Russia.
Prepared by: http://currentaffairs4examz.blogspot.in/